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General Interest
M.I. Hümmel figurines were created by a simple Bavarian girl whose name was Berta Hümmel.
Berta gained her artistic direction at an early age from the institute of English Sisters. In 1931, Berta entered the convent of Siessen at Saulgua.
Two years later she was ordained Sister Maria Innocentia. In 1933, sketches of her work were sent to a publishing company in Munich.
Her first artworks were two-dimensional, better knows as "postcards."
MI Hummel Terms & Definitions

The terms and definitions below are strictly the opinions of Wolfgang's Hummel Haus, and should not be relied on as for insurance or appraisal.  These guides are only to offer assistance in understanding basic terms and conditions.  We realize that different people have different ways of grading or determining value.  If there are any obvious omissions or errors and you are a qualified expert in your field, please contact us at so we can adjust the guides accordingly

Baby Bee: is the trademark used in 1958, a small bee flying in the V.

Closed Edition or CE: items no longer being producted

Crazing: Minute cracks in the glaze of the figure. Many conditions can cause craszing, some nature and some due to expose to high heat or humidity.

Decimal Point: is used to in hopes to avoid confusion on numbers that can be read upside down i.e. 6. and 9. compared to 6 and 9 / 9 / 6.

Double Crown: A trademark on MI Hummel pieces where the crown is stamped and incised.

Doughnut Base: is the raised circular support on the underside of a figurine

Exclusive Edition or EE: is used to represent any MI Hummel Club Figurine

Final Issue: is any piece that has been retired from production

First Issue: is a new term started around 1990 to refer to any figure released during the first year of production.

Faience: is an opaque colored glaze. Only a few peices were made this way, early on in Hummel's history.

Hollow Mold: is when the underside of the figure is hollow and you can see inside the cavity

Incised: is when the hallmarks or wording is pressed into the figurine instead of being stamped on the surface.

International Figurines: were produced in the 1940s and were dressed in the typical dress of that country

Limited Edition: is any piece that is produced only in a limited quantity

Mold Number: is the incised number on the bottom of each MI Hummel at the factory for identification purpose.

Open Editions: are any piece that is currently in production

Oversize: are any piece that is larger than normal production pieces.

Reinstated: is any closed piece that was brought back into production.

Sample Models: were only created as samples and were never released into production.

Secondary Market: also known as aftermarket is the resale of any pieces after the initial sale is complete.

Temporarily Withdrawn / TW: are pieces that are on hold or withdrawn from production and may be produced again at a later time.

Terra Cotta: was the material used only a few time on Hummel figures. Terra Cotta is a reddish clay and the figures were released unpainted.

Trademark (TM): Goebel used roughly eight marks and symbols to date the MI Hummel pieces. See bottom of this page for samples of these marks.

US Zone: were made between 1946-1948 post WWII before Germany was divided.

Waffle Base: is just a base that is divided into 4 sections.

White Overglaze: are unpainted pieces that have only been glazed and fired.

General Mark Dates

Trademark 1 – Hummel Crown – 1935-1955
Trademark 2 – Hummel Full Bee – 1950-1957
Trademark 3 – Hummel Stylized Bee – 1957-1964
Trademark 4 – Hummel Three Line – 1964-1972
Trademark 5 – Hummel Goebel Bee – 1972-1979
Trademark 6 – Goebel – 1979-1991
Trademark 7 – Goebel New Crown – 1991-1999
Trademark 8 – Goebel Current – 2000-Present


Hummel Marks

1930's - 1950's 1930's - 1950's 1930's - 1950's
Crown Incised Crown Stamped Crown Wide
1946 - 1948 1946 - 1948 1946 - 1948
US Zone Germany US Zone Germany US Zone Germany
Bees 1950's - 1970's Bees 1950's - 1970's Bees 1950's - 1970's
The Full Bee Stamped The Full Bee Incised The High Bee Stamped
Bees 1950's - 1970's Bees 1950's - 1970's Bees 1950's - 1970's
The V Bee Stamped The Baby Bee Stamped The Small Bee Stamped
Bee Stylized 60's - Early 1970's Bee Stylized 60's - Early 1970's Bee Stylized 60's - Early 1970's
Stylized Bee - Large Stylized Bee - Small Triple 3-Line Mark
1970's Goebel Bee 1979 - 1990 1991 - 1999
Goebel With Bee Goebel Without Bee Goebel (new) With Bee